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Catalog Number S1531
Title Appledore Island - Laighton Brothers
Object Name Records
Scope & Content Appledore Island, in Maine, is the largest of the Isles of Shoals, at 95 acres (38 ha). Formerly known as Hog Island, and prior to that as Farm Island, it is approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) from east to west, and 0.6 miles (1.0 km) from north to south. It was home to a large hotel, The Appledore House, built in 1847 by Thomas Laighton and Levi Thaxter, It opened the following year, but in 1914 the hotel was lost to a fire. The Oceanic, a hotel on Star Island, was its competitor for many years. Cedric and Oscar Laighton, brothers, ran both hotels in the latter years of the nineteenth century, Their famous sister Celia died in 1894. Cedric died in 1899, while Socar lived another four decades until the age of 99.

Today, the island is the operating station of the Shoals Marine Laboratory, run cooperatively by Cornell University and the University of New Hampshire. The island is mostly owned by the Star Island Corporation.

The collection includes records detailing the changing provenance of the island, showing that Thomas B. Laighton and Joseph Cheever bought half of Hog, Smuttynose. Cedar, and Malaga islands from Samuel and Mary Ann Ham in 1839, that later Cheever sold his share to Laighton in 1842, that Oscar and Cedric Laighton sold a third of Appledore Island for $50,000 to Christopher Rymes in 1873, and eventually Cedric and Oscar Laighton sold it to Andrew Preston and Charles Shillaber in 1898 for $15,000.

f.1 "Resolves of the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts," 1816, especially p. 328, the resolve "granting Samuel Haley and his heirs Hog Islandm the northerly island of the Isles of Shoals (later Appledore Island).

f.2 Notes listing the various references to the Isles of Shoals in the "York Deeds"; the draft check for $15,000 drawn on the National Mechanics and Traders Bank to Andrew Preston and Charles Shillaber; a quit-claim deed for the Laighton-Rymes sale and two mortgage deeds for the Laighton-Preston/Shillaber sale; Oscar and Cedric Laighton's insurance policy for $1000 for dormitory and boats, 1898, and four letters and a bank deposit slip.

Collection Appledore Island - Laighton Brothers
People Laighton, Oscar, 1839-1939
Laighton, Cedric, 1840-1899
Laighton, Thomas Bell, 1805-1866
Rymes, Christopher E.
Preston, Andrew Peabody, 1856-1906
Shillaber, Charles E.
Subjects Hotels
Isles of Shoals (Me. and N.H.)
Appledore Island (Me.)
19th century