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Catalog Number MS008
Title Treadwell Family Papers, 1723-1908
Object Name Papers, Family
Scope & Content Summary

Chiefly deeds, land surveys, and other papers, relating to lands owned by the Treadwell family; and, correspondence, wills, financial papers, indentures, estate papers, and genealogical materials. Family members represented include Charles Treadwell (1705-1793), landowner, barber, and shopkeeper, of Portsmouth, Nathaniel Treadwell (1730-1817), Portsmouth landowner and merchant and tavern keeper (after 1814) in Newmarket, and his son, Charles (1767-1843), ship captain and co-owner of his father's tavern.

Scope and Content

The collection consists of the papers of Charles Treadwell (1705-1793), Nathaniel Treadwell (1730-1817), and Charles Treadwell (1767-1843). The collection is primarily deeds, land surveys, and other papers relating to land ownership. Also includes some correspondence, wills, financial papers, indentures, papers relating to the administration of estates, notes on the genealogy of the Treadwell family, and miscellaneous papers.

Biographical Notes

Charles Treadwell (9/21/1705 - 11/26/1793, the third son of Nathaniel and Hannah Treadwell of Ipswich. Charles moved to Portsmouth in 1724 where in 1727 or 1728 he married Mary Kelly (11/8/1711 - 5/6/1783), daughter of William and Lydia Blagdon Kelly. They had nine childred: William (b. Sept. 30, 1729), Nathaniel (see below), William (b. Sept. 30, 1733), Hannah (Aug. 14, 1734 - Jan., 1832) who married Dr. Ammi Ruhamah Cutter of Portsmouth, Jacob (July 15, 1736) - Aug. 22, 1787), Mary (b. Jan. 3, 1738), Mary (b. Dec. 23, 1744) and Lydia (Jan. 12, 1746 - May 21, 1759). Charles Treadwell owned land in Rochester, Barrington, Epsom and Portsmouth. He purchased parts of the glebe land in Portsmouth in1758-59. He is referred to as a "barbor" in 1749, a shopkeeper in 1750, and the tenant of a bakehouse by 1756. He died in New Castle.

Nathaniel Treadwell (Dec. 6, 1730 - Feb. 7, 1817), married Sarah Walden (1743 - Sept. 10, 1815), the daughter of Capt. Charles and Anne Treadwell Walden, and had three children: Nathaniel Jr. (March, 1765 - Nov., 1830), Charles (see below), and Lydia (no dates known). Nathaniel owned land in Chichester, Barrington, Portsmouth, Epsom, Somersworth, Perry and Newmarket. He also owned a share of the Washington Mines in Newfield. He was also a merchant in Portsmouth. He served as the executor for the estates of his father and his brother Jacob. He moved to Newmarket about 1814 and ran a tavern, after losing his house in Portsmouth in the 1813 fire.

Charles Treadwell (Dec. 10, 1767 - June 3, 1843), married Elizabeth Drowne, the daughter of Samuel and Mary Pickering Drowne, on Feb. 26, 1799. They had thirteen children: Lydia Drowne (Nov. 9, 1800 - May 9, 1875) who married James Coleman, Elizabeth (Aug. 30, 1801 - Sept. 4, 1802), Charles (April 10, 1803-9 - Sept. 16, 1886) who married Isabella Barnet, Thomas Drowne (Nov. 7, 1804 - Dec. 23, 1887) who married Elizabeth Gould, Anne Elizabeth (July 13, 1807 - Jan. 1, 1890) who married Rev. Matthew Newhall, Benjamin Franklin (March 31, 1809 - July 9, 1836), Caroline Matilda (Aug. 17, 1811 - Sept. 2, 1894) who married Rev. Philander Wallingford, William Henry Harrison Montgomery (May 14, 1813 - April 13, 1893) who married Martha Jane Brackett, Frances Mary (Jan. 15, 1815 - Nov. 16, 1877), William Cutter (Jan. 23, 1817 - April 24, 1822), Sarah Walden (Oct. 13, 1818 - Jan. 1, 1894) who married 1.John Locke and 2. Rev. John Folsom Adams, Louisa Tewksbury (April 4, 1820 - May 8, 1822), and Napoleon Bonaparte (Jan. 1, 1824 - March 15, 1891) who married 1. Octavia Rosella Weeks and 2. Fidelia Augusta Haines. Charles Treadwell was a ship captain from at least 1795 to about 1814, when he moved to Newmarket, where he owned a tavern with his father until about 1828. He died in Newmarket in 1843.

Related Materials

S0058 - Charles Treadwell land grant
S0388 - Nathaniel Treadwell account ledger
S0396 - Capt. Charles Treadwell paper
MS022 - Portsmouth Hist. Society Collection, Treadwell genealogy

Separated Materials

Two copies of the pamphlet 'Observations Upon Over-Work and Strain of the Heart' by J.B. Treadwell, 1872. Pamphlet 37204.

Series List

I. Charles Treadwell Papers, 1735-1791
II. Nathaniel Treadwell Papers, 1770-1816
III. Charles Treadwell Papers, 1795-1839
IV. Miscellaneous Papers, 1723-1908


I. Charles Treadwell Papers

Papers primarily consist of deeds and also include two indentures, tax assessments, and the will of Charles Treadwell.

Box 1 F1: Apprenticeships: John Hooper to Charles Treadwell, 1749
and Jabez Treadwell to Mark Haskell, 1767
F2 - 3: Deeds, 1735-1768
F4: Tax assessments, 1783-1791
F5: Will of Charles Treadwell, 1776

II. Nathaniel Treadwell Papers

Papers include deeds and land surveys, correspondence, financial papers, a power of attorney, the will of Nathaniel Treadwell and papers relating to the estate of Charles Treadwell.

Box 1 F6: Correspondence, 1792-1801
F7: Power of Attorney, Jacob Treadwell to Nathaniel Treadwell,
F8-9: Deeds, 1770-1814
F10: Land Surveys, 1773-1796
F11: Bills & Receipts, 1782-1797
F12: Bills & Receipts, 1798-1805
F13: Bilsl & Receipts, 1806-1818
F14: Tax Assessments, 1791-1813
F15: Will of Nathaniel Treadwell, 1815 (2 copies)
F16: Estate of Charles Treadwell: Legal papers regarding
estate, 1796-1797
F17: Estate of Charles Treadwell: Accounts of administrators,
F18: Estate of Charles Treadwell: Bills, receipts & land surveys,

III. Charles Treadwell Papers

Papers include deeds, correspondence, legal papers, financial papers, a contract for building a house, a contract regarding a voyage, an indenture and papers relating to the estate of Nathaniel Treadwell.

Box 1 F19: Correspondence, 1807-1830
F20: Contract to build a house: Charles Treadwell to Robert
Lapish, 1798
F21: Contract regarding a voyage: Capt. Charles Treadwell and
Clement Storer, 1795
F22: Powers of Attorney: James, Lydia, Anna and Franklin
Treadwell to Charles Treadwell, 1832. Caroline Treadwell
to Charles Treadwell, n.d. (incomplete)
F23: Court Cases: Jonathan Hartwell v. Charles Treadwell,1817
Ebenezer Wyatt v. Charles Treadwell, 1819
F24: Deeds, 1805-1839
F25: Apprenticeship:Jeremiah Gibson to Charles Treadwell,
F26: Bills and Receipts, 1798-1830
F27: Estate of Nathaniel Treadwell, 1817-1832, undated

IV. Miscellaneous Papers

Papers consist primarily of wills and notes on Treadwell genealogy. Also includes an 1820 agreement regarding doctor's bills for a wound, miscellaneous papers of William H.H.M. Treadwell and other items.

Box 1 F28: Wills: William Cotton, 1723; William H.H.M. Treadwell,
1885; Martha J.B. Treadwell, 1886; Sarah A. Treadwell, 1902;
Benjamin F. Treadwell, 1908; Sarah Adams, n.d., incomplete.
F29: Treadwell genealogy and obituaries.
F30: Agreement; Andrew Hall & William Spead, 1820, regarding
payment of doctor's bill and missed wages.
F31: William H.H. M. Treadwell correspondence, bills, 1899.
F32: Miscellaneous papers.

Creator Treadwell family.
Collection Treadwell Family Papers, 1723-1908
People Treadwell family
Treadwell, Charles, 1705-1793
Treadwell, Nathaniel, 1730-1817
Treadwell, Charles, 1767-1843
Hooper, John
Treadwell, Jabez
Haskell, Mark
Treadwell, Jacob
Lapish, Robert, 1738?-1815
Storer, Clement, 1760-1830
Treadwell, Franklin
Treadwell, Anna
Treadwell, Lydia
Treadwell, James
Treadwell, Caroline M.
Hartwell, Jonathan
Wyatt, Ebenezer
Gibson, Jeremiah
Cotton, William, d. 1723
Subjects Portsmouth (N.H.)
Ship captains
Newmarket (N.H.)
Taverns (Inns)
Real property
Decedents' estates
Date 1723-1908 , bulk date (bulk 1750-1839).